Report or filter out repeated lines in a file.
Reads standard input comparing adjacent lines, and writes a copy of each unique input line to the standard output.
The second and succeeding copies of identical adjacent input lines are not written.
Syntax uniq [options]... [InputFile [OutputFile]] Options -N -f N --skip-fields=N Skip N fields on each line before checking for uniqueness. Fields are sequences of non-space non-tab characters that are separated from each other by at least one spaces or tabs. +N -s N --skip-chars=N Skip N characters before checking for uniqueness. If you use both the field and character skipping options, fields are skipped over first. -c --count Print the number of times each line occurred along with the line. -i --ignore-case Ignore differences in case when comparing lines. -d --repeated Print only duplicate lines. -D --all-repeated Print all duplicate lines and only duplicate lines. This option is useful mainly in conjunction with other options e.g., to ignore case or to compare only selected fields. This is a GNU extension. -u --unique Don't output lines that are repeated in the input. Print only lines that are unique in the INPUT. -w N --check-chars=N Compare N characters on each line (after skipping any specified fields and characters). By default the entire rest of the lines are compared.
By default, uniq prints the unique lines in a sorted file, it discards all but one of identical successive input lines. so that the OUTPUT contains unique lines.
uniq will only compare lines that appear successively in the input.
Repeated lines in the input will not be detected if they are not adjacent, so it may be necessary to sort the files first.
If an InputFile of – (or nothing) is given, then uniq will read from standard input.
If no OutputFile file is specified, uniq writes to standard output.
Print the file demo.txt ommiting any duplicate lines:
$ sort demo.txt | uniq
Print only the unique numbers given the input 1, 1, 2, 3
$ printf “%s\n” 1 1 2 3 | uniq -u
Count the frequency of some words:
echo “one two three one three” | tr -cs “A-Za-z” “\n” | sort | uniq -c | sort -n -r
Related linux commands: