Declare variables and give them attributes.
SYNTAX declare [-afFrxi] [-p] [name[=value]] OPTIONS -a Each name is an array variable. -f Use function names only. -F Inhibit the display of function definitions; only the function name and attributes are printed. (implies -f) -i The variable is to be treated as an integer; arithmetic evaluation is performed when the variable is assigned a value. -p Display the attributes and values of each name. When `-p' is used, additional options are ignored. -r Make names readonly. These names cannot then be assigned values by subsequent assignment statements or unset. -x Mark each name for export to subsequent commands via the environment.
If no names are given, then `declare’ will display the values of variables instead.
Using + instead of – turns off the attribute instead.
When used in a function,
declare makes each name local, as with the
typeset command is supplied for compatibility with the Korn shell; however, it has been deprecated in favor of the
declare builtin command.
The return status is zero unless an invalid option is encountered, an attempt is made to define a function using `-f foo=bar’, an attempt is made to assign a value to a readonly variable, an attempt is made to assign a value to an array variable without using the compound assignment syntax, one of the names is not a valid shell variable name, an attempt is made to turn off readonly status for a readonly variable, an attempt is made to turn off array status for an array variable, or an attempt is made to display a non-existent function with `-f’.
Related linux commands:
alias – Create an alias
env – Display, set, or remove environment variables
echo – Display message on screen
export – Set an environment variable
hostname – Print or set system name
local – Create variables
printenv – Print environment variables
readonly – Mark variables/functions as readonly
shift – Shift positional parameters
Equivalent Windows command: SET – Display, set, or remove Windows environment variables